Maine Coon Cats: Personality, Origin and Health Conditions

Maine Coon Cat Facts


The Maine coon cat is one of the oldest natural breeds in North America. According to an ornithologist from Wisconsin, the ancestors of these cats can be traced back to their native home in New England where they were prized by sailors for their intelligence, sociability with other animals, and their ability to hunt.

Maine Coons are known for being intelligent, curious, and easy to train cats who typically have a gentle disposition. They are the largest breed of domestic cat. They’re valued by owners for their intelligence, playfulness, and sociability with other pets and children, and, because they are quiet cats who seldom annoy or show aggression toward other pets. They are good hunters, a trait they retained from their wild ancestors.

Brown Maine Coon cat with a funny snarly grin


Breed Quick Facts


14 Years


13-18 lbs


Maine, United States



History of Maine Coon Cats

Maine Coons have been spotted in paintings from the 1800s that depict people from seaport towns in New England. In Maine, tradition holds that the sailors who brought them to portholes told locals that they had “acquired” these animals during trips overseas.

Maine Coons are one of America’s oldest natural breeds and were known as early as the 1860s. These cats have long been popular for their capability to hunt vermin in barns and mills, but they were not recognized as a unique breed until the late 19th century. The breed has since become popular throughout the United States, Europe, and Asia. There are several theories about the origin of the Maine Coon Cat, but its history is probably similar to that of other long-haired breeds originating in northeastern America during the 19th century.

The most common and probably the most accurate theory is that they are descended from cats belonging to Marie Antoinette during her exile in France. According to this theory, these cats were brought back to the New World by French Canadian seafarers, but there is no historical evidence for this story. Another story tells of a ship carrying felines sinking off the coast of Maine during the late 18th century. It is possible, however unlikely, that some of these cats could have made their way to shore. The first documented ancestors were a pair of cats owned by Rita Pinette in Wiscasset, Maine.

The breed was developed beginning in 1895 when a female named “Maine Crusader” was mated to a tomcat named “Parti colored Preacher”, and a male that likely belonged to a feral colony in Maine’s Victoria Beach. These cats were listed in the studbook from 1895 until all offspring were sold in 1904.

In the early days of the breed, outcrosses were common due to a small gene pool. These out-crosses included domestic cats, American Shorthairs, and Russian Blues. B.O. Smith, who bred Maine Coons with several Maine Coon breeders in the early 20th century, is credited with popularizing the breed in cat shows beginning in 1906 after the Maine State agricultural fair, where he won blue ribbons.

The breed was declared the official state cat of Maine in 1985.

Maine Coons are large upright cats with long silky fur featuring brown tabby, silver tabby, and gray shaded patterns. The ‘classic’ tri-color is not seen in many purebred cats these days due to wide.


Gray Maine Coon kitten portrait on blue background


Physical Appearance of the Maine Coon Cat

Their fur is long and shaggy, with a thick undercoat. It can be any color, but dark brown or black with white markings are preferred by breeders. Because of the size of this breed, it should come as no surprise that they can weigh up to thirty pounds, and grow as tall as three feet. In fact, the Maine Coon cat is the tallest breed of domesticated cats.

Maine Coons are often called cats with “Gentle Giants” or “Giant Persians” due to their large size and sturdy bone structure. They have very long, fluffy tails which are almost as long as the rest of their bodies.

Maine Coons are very intelligent, active, and loyal cats who will keep their owners. A distinctive feature that Maine Coons have is their square-shaped faces with relatively short noses. Their big round eyes are a striking blue color. They also come in different colors and coat patterns such as:

— solid (all one color, including white)

— tabby (striped or “marbled”)

— tortoiseshell

Beautiful silver Maine Coon cat with golden eyes

The Personality of Maine Coon Cats

Maine Coons are known to be very dignified and aloof. They appear rather large and lumbering — which is exactly what they’re not! Maine Coons can be incredibly agile and acrobatic, and an excellent mouser. They like to play games like fetch and will bring back the toy to you, so if you have a busy schedule, it would be wise not to leave your Maine Coon unattended with any open strings or loops, as this is an invitation for them to play.

In addition, they are known to be “talkers,” and most will eventually learn how to meow in a manner that seems almost indistinguishable from a human talking.

Maine Coons are typically very gentle cats, and they enjoy spending time with their humans. They tend to be loyal companions who like to follow you around the house. If you like to read in bed at night, your cat will probably want to curl up next to you; if you work on the computer, expect your cat to sit on the desk and help out with whatever task you’re doing.

Maine Coons are not excessively demanding cats when it comes to playtime, food, or attention. They seem perfectly happy to entertain themselves for long periods and will often spend their days sleeping in a sunny spot and watching the household activity from a safe distance.

Grooming Maine Coon Cats

Maine Coons tend to shed their undercoats once a year which you can help your cat by brushing them regularly if they have long hair. If your cat is a short-hair, you still want to brush them regularly to prevent their fur from matting.

Maine Coons, unlike other breeds, are not known to be hypoallergenic. If you have an allergy but want a Maine Coon cat, there are certain breeds of cat that produce fewer allergens which may work better for you.

Caring For Your Maine Coon Cat

Your Maine Coon feline prefers living in a house with a fenced-in yard where they can explore and play safely outside. They are very curious animals by nature and enjoy getting into all kinds of adventures. Indoors, you may find them climbing on furniture and cupboards, playing with house plants, and exploring their surroundings.

Maine Coons make very good family pets because they are affectionate and great with children. They also get along well with other cats, dogs, and even pet birds.


Red Maine Coon Cat on the white background


What Do Maine Coon Cats Eat?

The Maine Coon is an average energy breed of cat. A usual diet consists of dry food, wet food, or a combination of both depending on the owner’s preference.

Fresh water should be available at all times for the cat to drink when needed. Canned food usually has more moisture than dry kibble which can help keep your pet hydrated throughout the day.

Health Problems That Affect Maine Coon Cats

Maine Coon cats are generally healthy, but like all purebreds, they’re prone to certain health conditions. Here are some disorders that can affect Maine Coon cats:

  • Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic kidney disorder that affects many purebred cats, including Maine Coons. It is the most common feline renal disorder and can result in kidney failure if not treated.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common heart disease in cats and can be found in Maine Coons.
  • Congenital hypothyroidism, which affects many purebreds (and mixed-breeds too), tends to show up in Maine Coon kittens between 4 and 8 weeks of age. It’s readily treatable with hormone supplementation.
  • Feline hyperesthesia syndrome (FHS) is a disorder of the nervous system that can result in self-destructive behavior, including self-mutilation and inappropriate aggression. It’s also known as “twitchiness” or “scratchy cat syndrome.” Although it occurs most often in purebreds, it’s not specific to any one breed.


Maine Coon cats make good pets, somewhat comparable to dogs because they are intelligent and have skills that go beyond just being a companion animal. They can even be trained to help people with disabilities or keep watch for intruders. Their close bond with their human family members means that they are very affectionate and this helps them become part of a multi-species household with ease. Their peaceful nature also makes them good pets for households where children are present. They will even happily share their home with other cats or dogs as long as they have been introduced to them when they are very young, ideally when they’re still a kitten. Maine Coon cats need a good deal of human contact to stay healthy and happy. Without it, they will become stressed.

Read:  Survey: Do people choose cats differently based upon their personality type?

You might also enjoy these articles…

RSVP Photo Banner for Cancer Care Paw event

A Paws for Wellness: The CancerCare PAW Program and the Support It Offers to Those Fighting Cancer

In the grueling fight against cancer, patients often seek comfort in the steadfast company of their pets. The joyous wag of a dog’s tail or the gentle nuzzle of a cat can speak volumes in silent, understanding support. This unbreakable bond has not gone unnoticed by CancerCare, which has embarked on helping patients who are also the proud caregivers to their beloved animal companions. The Pet Assistance and Wellness Program (PAW) by CancerCare honors the role pets play in the lives of the patients by providing a much-needed support cushion during their treatment.

girl with cat lonely

How Cats Alleviate Loneliness

The global pandemic has brought loneliness into sharp focus, shedding light on a long-standing struggle for many. Lockdowns and social distancing have unveiled the emotional toll, underscoring the importance of companionship. In these isolated times, pets, particularly cats, have emerged as silent champions, providing much-needed solace and companionship.

Cat DIY Hammock

DIY Cat Hammock

Looking for a fun, feline-centric project for the weekend? Try this DIY Hammock! Crafting a cozy haven for your feline friend doesn't have to be complicated or expensive. In fact, with a little creativity and some basic supplies, you can create a stylish and...
Rolling cat cute green eyes looking happy with a content facial expression - The Catnip Times

Study Finds Cats Have 276 Facial Expressions

Cats, our enigmatic feline friends, have long been masters of the subtle art of communication. A recent study, published in the journal Behavioral Processes, delves deep into the world of cat expressions, uncovering a whopping 276 distinct facial cues when these furry companions interact with each other.

Domestic cat looking at cupcakes.

Surprising Foods You Need to Keep Away from Your Cat

Cats are curious creatures by nature, and this inquisitive disposition often extends to their diet. However, as pet parents, it is incumbent upon us to be vigilant about what goes into their feeding bowls. Keeping them away from potentially harmful foods is not just...
Calico shelter cat sleeping outdoors at Largo di Torre Argentina, Rome, Italy

Largo di Torre Argentina: Where History Meets Cat Sanctuary

Nestled amidst the timeless beauty of Rome lies a treasure trove that marries history with the heartwarming presence of ‘gatti,’ or cats in Italian. The Area Sacra in Largo di Torre Argentina, an archaeological gem, has recently flung open its gates to human visitors after being shrouded in mystery for almost a century. What makes this site truly unique? It’s not just the ancient ruins that attract visitors from around the world, but the thriving community of feral cats that has called this place home for the last 100 years.