Can coronavirus affect pets?
Coronavirus is making headlines every day and we are getting a ton of questions about it and whether or not the coronavirus can affect pets. The epicenter of the virus outbreak was located in Wuhan, China, but has spread all over the world and Italy has recently experienced a very large outbreak. So can your pets get the coronavirus? It’s not clear yet. One dog in Hong Kong tested positive for COVID-19 but for now, it doesn’t seem to be affecting pets.
What is Coronavirus?
The coronavirus is said to be zoonotic. According to Medicinet.com
“Pertaining to a zoonosis: a disease that can be transmitted from animals to people or, more specifically, a disease that normally exists in animals but that can infect humans. There are multitudes of zoonotic diseases.”
How Are Zoonotic Diseases Like Coronavirus Spread?
And according to the CDC, zoonotic diseases can spread in a variety of ways: direct contact, indirect contact, vector-borne, food-borne, and waterborne.
Direct contact: Coming into contact with the saliva, blood, urine, mucous, feces, or other body fluids of an infected animal. Examples include petting or touching animals, and bites or scratches.
Indirect contact: Coming into contact with areas where animals live and roam, or objects or surfaces that have been contaminated with germs. Examples include aquarium tank water, pet habitats, chicken coops, barns, plants, and soil, as well as pet food and water dishes.
Vector-borne: Being bitten by a tick, or an insect like a mosquito or a flea.
Foodborne: Each year, 1 in 6 Americans get sick from eating contaminated food. Eating or drinking something unsafe, such as unpasteurized (raw) milk, undercooked meat or eggs, or raw fruits and vegetables that are contaminated with feces from an infected animal. Contaminated food can cause illness in people and animals, including pets.
Waterborne: Drinking or coming in contact with water that has been contaminated with feces from an infected animal.
Examples of Zoonotic Diseases (include but are not limited to):
Cat scratch fever
Encephalitis from ticks
Fish tank granuloma
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Salmonella and E. coli infections
West Nile virus
Who is Most at Risk for Contracting a Zoonotic Disease?
According to the Centers for Disease Control, those most at risk include:
- Children younger than 5
- Adults older than 65
- People with weakened immune systems
- Pregnant women
This current outbreak of COVID-19 appears to affect the elderly the most and those who are immunosuppressed.
News about Coronoavirus and Pets
Here’s the latest news on the Coronavirus from other news outlets.